spring flooding

State Senators Propose Disaster Relief and Recovery Plan in response to 2019 Flood

For Immediate Release: April 2, 2019

Des Moines – Senator Rob Hogg (D-Cedar Rapids) and Senator Jackie Smith (D-Sioux City) today proposed a $50 million disaster relief and recovery plan to help Iowans following the Flood of 2019.

“After our tour of flood damage last Friday in Fremont, Mills, Pottawattamie, and Woodbury Counties, we feel compelled to ask Governor Reynolds and the Republican majority in the Legislature to provide more assistance to help the farmers, businesses, workers, and communities suffering from the Flood of 2019,” said Hogg, who chaired the Senate Rebuild Iowa Committee after the Flood of 2008. “Based on our experience after the 2008 flood, we simply must do more to keep farms and businesses going while they work to keep their customers and recover from the damage they have suffered.”

“Communities are going to need help beyond what the federal government can provide,” said Smith, a former county supervisor from Woodbury County. “The Legislature is in session and we urgently need to take action to help communities address unmet needs.”

The proposal would use $50 million in one-time money from the $190 million projected surplus for the 2018-19 budget year. The money would be dedicated to six purposes:

1. Small Business and Farm Continuation Disaster Grants: $10 million.

These grants would give eligible farms and businesses who have sustained property damage from the Flood of 2019 and who commit to continuing to employ their employees $1,000 per month per employee, up to $10,000 per month, and for up to five months.

2. Supplemental High Quality Jobs Appropriation for Disaster-Affected Businesses: $5 million.

Disaster-affected businesses are currently eligible for the High-Quality Jobs program, but only $4.7 million remains in the fund for the rest of this fiscal year. This supplemental appropriation would give the Iowa Economic Development Authority an additional $5 million to help disaster-affected businesses. Disaster-affected businesses would be eligible under the current rules for economically-distressed counties, regardless of the county where they are located. Disaster-affected businesses could apply for both the High-Quality Jobs program and the Small Business and Farm Continuation Grants.

3. Disaster Recovery Revolving Loan Fund: $10 million.

This revolving fund would allow cities, counties, and non-profits apply for loans for uses that are not covered by federal disaster recovery funds. These would be no interest loans. They would be repaid over 20 years starting two years after the loan is made. Repaid funds would be available to help other cities, counties, and nonprofits in future disasters.

4. Fund the existing Iowa Flood Mitigation Program for flood hazard mitigation grants: $24 million.

This bill would provide funding for levee repairs and improvements, infrastructure projects, and other flood hazard mitigation projects under the existing Iowa Flood Mitigation Program that was approved in 2012 but has never been funded.

5. Restore past cuts for the Department of Natural Resources Floodplain Management Program and Iowa Flood Center: $443,000

6. One-time appropriation for the Iowa Flood Center/Department of Natural Resources to assess causes of 2019 Missouri River flood: $500,000

State Senator Rob Hogg: (319) 538-2247

State Senator Jackie Smith: (712) 898-0477

Fishing for Fords

Young and Gilles using the multi-beam sonar system.

Young and Gilles using the multi-beam sonar system.

Until recently, finding lost cars was not part of Nate Young’s job description. Yet that is precisely what he and fellow Iowa Flood Center (IFC) engineer Dan Gilles found themselves doing on May 11.

Beneath overcast skies, Young, associate director of the IFC, and Gilles, a water resources engineer, boated up and down the Iowa River, searching for a car beneath the waves. Young and Gilles were responding to a request from Johnson County Emergency Coordinator Dave Wilson, who asked them to locate an abandoned car using bathymetry—the measurement and mapping of underwater topography.

Wilson had previously asked Young and Gilles to locate a car in the Cedar River that had been abandoned upstream of Cedar Rapids several weeks prior. The pair spent four hours using the multi-beam sonar system affixed to the boat to find the car. After putting together imagery of the data and sharing it with the emergency management team, they dropped a floating marker in the water so a dive team could locate it and tow it out of the water.

After their success in the Cedar River, Wilson called on them again. This time, a car had been abandoned in the Iowa River after plunging into the water near Swisher. The driver escaped uninjured, but the car now lay somewhere on the riverbed, the murky water making it impossible for divers to see underwater.

Young and Gilles now took to the water with a complex sonar system, comprised of various instruments. One sonar instrument on the back of the boat emits cone-shaped sound pulses and has a receiver listening for return signals, while 512 receivers listen for feedback and cover a 128-degree range underneath the boat. The sonar makes 10 measurements every second and stitches them together on a map as the boat passes repeatedly over an area.

Creating the sonar imagery in real time also requires accurate positioning. This is achieved by using three different GPS receivers—two that measure the orientation of the boat and a third that records the position of the boat. An inertial motion unit measures the movement of the boat—vertically, horizontally, and its three-dimensional tilt. All this helps the system make corrections to the sonar measurements in real time, so Young and Gilles have immediately reliable data.

A member of the dive team standing next to the retrieved car.

A member of the dive team standing next to the retrieved car.

After motoring up and down the river for several hours, Young and Gilles found what was likely the car’s resting spot near the river’s east bank. They dropped a marker and sent the imagery to the Wilson and his team. Soon after, the Emergency Management dive team located the car and towed it out of the river.

While Young and Gilles have proven very skilled at locating submerged cars, hopefully their services won’t be needed again for quite some time.

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Young mid-wrestling match

Pinning Down the Future

All-American wrestler and full-time PhD student Kaleb Young is a busy man, especially between November and March of each year. Recruited for wrestling, Young knew what his extracurricular life looked like long before he decided on his academic focus.

Kaleb stands outside with mountains in the background

Young enjoys hiking in his free time

“I love the outdoors. My summers are spent hiking and mountain biking,” Young says, “so I wanted to pursue something that I could see myself doing for the rest of my life.”

Over the summers, Young likes to spend time outdoors, often hiking with his wife through national parks. When he can, he likes to hunt, bike, or take his dog on hikes around Iowa. His enthusiasm for the outdoors led him to IIHR—Hydroscience and Engineering and the Iowa Flood Center, where he recently completed his master’s degree in environmental engineering and is staying on to pursue his PhD.

Now, Young runs The Hydrologic Engineering Center’s River Analysis System (HEC-RAS) modeling for a community in southwest Iowa called Riverton. Young’s research focus is on a section of Riverton Road, which runs near the confluence of the East and West Nishnabotna Rivers and is frequently flooded.

Young mid-wrestling match

Young is an All-American wrestler for the University of Iowa (Photo by Darren Miller)

The banks of the East and West Nishnabotna Rivers often overtop, sending water over Riverton Road. Dangerous water levels have completely inundated the area at least 20 times over the last decade. Floods covering roadways are often the cause of flood-related deaths, and Riverton is no exception. A recent death on Riverton Road underlines the importance of Young’s work.

Since joining IIHR and IFC, Young found he enjoys the ecology side of his studies, particularly research on salmon and their habitats. He hopes to use that passion toward a career in the Pacific Northwest or Alaska where salmon are facing dangerous population declines.

All of that, however, will have to wait until after wrestling. Iowa City offers a unique opportunity to the wrestling community to continue competing at an international level beyond college with the Hawkeye Wrestling Club. Young plans to wrestle with the Club for a while after graduation.

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