spring flooding

State Senators Propose Disaster Relief and Recovery Plan in response to 2019 Flood

For Immediate Release: April 2, 2019

Des Moines – Senator Rob Hogg (D-Cedar Rapids) and Senator Jackie Smith (D-Sioux City) today proposed a $50 million disaster relief and recovery plan to help Iowans following the Flood of 2019.

“After our tour of flood damage last Friday in Fremont, Mills, Pottawattamie, and Woodbury Counties, we feel compelled to ask Governor Reynolds and the Republican majority in the Legislature to provide more assistance to help the farmers, businesses, workers, and communities suffering from the Flood of 2019,” said Hogg, who chaired the Senate Rebuild Iowa Committee after the Flood of 2008. “Based on our experience after the 2008 flood, we simply must do more to keep farms and businesses going while they work to keep their customers and recover from the damage they have suffered.”

“Communities are going to need help beyond what the federal government can provide,” said Smith, a former county supervisor from Woodbury County. “The Legislature is in session and we urgently need to take action to help communities address unmet needs.”

The proposal would use $50 million in one-time money from the $190 million projected surplus for the 2018-19 budget year. The money would be dedicated to six purposes:

1. Small Business and Farm Continuation Disaster Grants: $10 million.

These grants would give eligible farms and businesses who have sustained property damage from the Flood of 2019 and who commit to continuing to employ their employees $1,000 per month per employee, up to $10,000 per month, and for up to five months.

2. Supplemental High Quality Jobs Appropriation for Disaster-Affected Businesses: $5 million.

Disaster-affected businesses are currently eligible for the High-Quality Jobs program, but only $4.7 million remains in the fund for the rest of this fiscal year. This supplemental appropriation would give the Iowa Economic Development Authority an additional $5 million to help disaster-affected businesses. Disaster-affected businesses would be eligible under the current rules for economically-distressed counties, regardless of the county where they are located. Disaster-affected businesses could apply for both the High-Quality Jobs program and the Small Business and Farm Continuation Grants.

3. Disaster Recovery Revolving Loan Fund: $10 million.

This revolving fund would allow cities, counties, and non-profits apply for loans for uses that are not covered by federal disaster recovery funds. These would be no interest loans. They would be repaid over 20 years starting two years after the loan is made. Repaid funds would be available to help other cities, counties, and nonprofits in future disasters.

4. Fund the existing Iowa Flood Mitigation Program for flood hazard mitigation grants: $24 million.

This bill would provide funding for levee repairs and improvements, infrastructure projects, and other flood hazard mitigation projects under the existing Iowa Flood Mitigation Program that was approved in 2012 but has never been funded.

5. Restore past cuts for the Department of Natural Resources Floodplain Management Program and Iowa Flood Center: $443,000

6. One-time appropriation for the Iowa Flood Center/Department of Natural Resources to assess causes of 2019 Missouri River flood: $500,000

State Senator Rob Hogg: (319) 538-2247

State Senator Jackie Smith: (712) 898-0477

Fishing for Fords

Young and Gilles using the multi-beam sonar system.

Young and Gilles using the multi-beam sonar system.

Until recently, finding lost cars was not part of Nate Young’s job description. Yet that is precisely what he and fellow Iowa Flood Center (IFC) engineer Dan Gilles found themselves doing on May 11.

Beneath overcast skies, Young, associate director of the IFC, and Gilles, a water resources engineer, boated up and down the Iowa River, searching for a car beneath the waves. Young and Gilles were responding to a request from Johnson County Emergency Coordinator Dave Wilson, who asked them to locate an abandoned car using bathymetry—the measurement and mapping of underwater topography.

Wilson had previously asked Young and Gilles to locate a car in the Cedar River that had been abandoned upstream of Cedar Rapids several weeks prior. The pair spent four hours using the multi-beam sonar system affixed to the boat to find the car. After putting together imagery of the data and sharing it with the emergency management team, they dropped a floating marker in the water so a dive team could locate it and tow it out of the water.

After their success in the Cedar River, Wilson called on them again. This time, a car had been abandoned in the Iowa River after plunging into the water near Swisher. The driver escaped uninjured, but the car now lay somewhere on the riverbed, the murky water making it impossible for divers to see underwater.

Young and Gilles now took to the water with a complex sonar system, comprised of various instruments. One sonar instrument on the back of the boat emits cone-shaped sound pulses and has a receiver listening for return signals, while 512 receivers listen for feedback and cover a 128-degree range underneath the boat. The sonar makes 10 measurements every second and stitches them together on a map as the boat passes repeatedly over an area.

Creating the sonar imagery in real time also requires accurate positioning. This is achieved by using three different GPS receivers—two that measure the orientation of the boat and a third that records the position of the boat. An inertial motion unit measures the movement of the boat—vertically, horizontally, and its three-dimensional tilt. All this helps the system make corrections to the sonar measurements in real time, so Young and Gilles have immediately reliable data.

A member of the dive team standing next to the retrieved car.

A member of the dive team standing next to the retrieved car.

After motoring up and down the river for several hours, Young and Gilles found what was likely the car’s resting spot near the river’s east bank. They dropped a marker and sent the imagery to the Wilson and his team. Soon after, the Emergency Management dive team located the car and towed it out of the river.

While Young and Gilles have proven very skilled at locating submerged cars, hopefully their services won’t be needed again for quite some time.

IFIS view of rainfall and flood alerts

Iowa Flood Center provides Iowans tools to prepare for spring flooding

The National Weather Service has shared that the spring flood risk for the Mississippi River is well above normal, and many communities are experiencing moderate to major flood conditions. To help Iowans prepare for flooding, the Iowa Flood Center (IFC) developed the Iowa Flood Information System (IFIS) to provide real-time information about stream levels, flood alerts and forecasts, and hydrologic conditions for the entire state.

IFIS is an online tool that provides reliable and accessible information that helps citizens, community leaders, and emergency responders understand and reduce flood risks. The information provided by IFIS can help minimize flood damage and protect people, infrastructure, and the environment. Visit ifis.iowafloodcenter.org for access to:

  • More than 260 IFC-designed, -built, and -deployed stream sensors that collect river levels every 15 minutes and share data on IFIS. The statewide network complements U.S. Geological Survey stream gages by filling in data gaps to improve flood monitoring and forecasting.
  • Flood alerts and forecasts for more than 1,000 Iowa communities, helping Iowans better plan and prepare in advance of a flood.
  • High-resolution flood inundation maps that show the extent of possible flooding for every Iowa stream in all 99 counties. Detailed community-based maps are available for dozens of cities in Iowa (with more to come!) to show how predicted flood extent and depth could affect property and critical infrastructure.
  • A network of hydrologic weather stations that collects data on rainfall, soil moisture and temperature conditions, groundwater levels in shallow wells, and other weather data. IFC will add more than 30 new hydrostations to its network, helping to improve flood- and drought- monitoring and forecasting. IFC is working toward a goal of one hydrostation in every county to better predict floods, assess droughts, and manage Iowa’s water resources.

Building on these tools, the IFC will share its expertise to support the new $360 million Cooperative Institute for Research to Operations in Hydrology (CIROH) housed at the University of Alabama and funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Working with CIROH collaborators, IFC will serve as a key partner to help improve the country’s ability to predict and manage water-related hazards.

The Iowa Flood Center is part of the University of Iowa College of Engineering. It is the first and only center in the nation focused solely on flood-related research and education. The IFC was established by the state of Iowa in 2009 following the devastating 2008 floods to help Iowans understand and reduce their flood risks.

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Univ. of Iowa, Iowa Flood Center expand research to a national level through new center

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University of Iowa opening a new flood research center

https://www.wqad.com/article/news/local/the-university-of-iowa-is-opening-a-new-research-center-flash-flood-iowa-information-systems/526-3ce52c75-75c0-4bcf-b370-7819d653af29WQAD,Published on: February 1st, 2023

UI increases national reach with new Center for Hydrologic Development

https://dailyiowan.com/2023/02/01/university-of-iowa-increases-national-reach-with-new-center-for-hydrologic-development/The Daily Iowan ,Published on: February 1st, 2023
Larry Weber

UI expands national reach with new Center for Hydrologic Development

The University of Iowa College of Engineering is home to a new research center—the Center for Hydrologic Development (CHD)—that is designed to improve the country’s ability to predict and manage water-related hazards.

Funding for the center comes from the new $360 million Cooperative Institute for Research to Operations in Hydrology (CIROH) housed at the University of Alabama and funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The UI expects up to $21 million from CIROH in the first five years (2022-27).

Larry Weber

Larry Weber will serve as director of the new Center for Hydrologic Development.

Larry Weber, director and co-founder of the new research center and professor of civil and environmental engineering, expects the center to play a critical role in helping the National Weather Service achieve its goal of a weather-ready nation. “The new Center for Hydrologic Development will build on the work of the Iowa Flood Center and provide a mechanism for researchers and students to expand flood center innovations beyond Iowa,” said Weber, who is also co-founder of the Iowa Flood Center.

The new center will focus on several key areas of research supporting CIROH’s commitment to advance the forecasting of floods, droughts, and water quality to improve decision-making.

Iowa Flood Information System

IFC will contribute its expertise in hydroinformatics and experience building web-based platforms like the Iowa Flood Information System that provides flood alerts and forecasts for over 1,000 Iowa communities.

The center will play an especially important role in hydroinformatics (water information systems) research with CIROH. “We look forward to helping NOAA advance web-based visualizations of critical water-related data,” said Ibrahim Demir, associate professor of civil and environmental engineering and chief architect of the Iowa Flood Information System.

“We have significant experience in hydroinformatics through our design of the Iowa Flood Information System, the Iowa Water Quality Information System, and many other similar publicly-accessible platforms,” added Demir.

Under CIROH funding, the new center will support a team of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars seeking experience in cutting-edge hydrology and informatics research.

“People are becoming increasingly aware of the impacts of climate change on their local community, especially the increasing number of extreme events such as flooding,” said Witold Krajewski, professor of civil and environmental engineering and director of the Iowa Flood Center. “Students, postdoctoral scholars, and other researchers funded by the CHD will have a unique opportunity to study these events and contribute to national efforts to better understand, communicate, and prepare for floods, droughts, and other natural hazards.”

“Establishing the Center for Hydrologic Development at the University of Iowa will ensure we remain national leaders in hydrologic research and education. As a key CIROH partner, we will have a conduit to share our innovations with NOAA to fast-track the wide-scale implementation of our new tools. It doesn’t get much better than that,” said Weber.

The CHD will build on more than a century of hydrologic research and education at IIHR—Hydroscience and Engineering, established in 1920. The new center also will complement the work of the Iowa Flood Center, founded in 2009 as the first and only center in the nation focused solely on flood-related research and education.

For more information, visit https://chd.engineering.uiowa.edu.