We present a diagnostic framework to assess changes in flood risk across multiple scales in a river network, under nonstationary conditions or in the absence of historical hydro-meteorological data. The framework combines calibration-free hydrological and hydraulic models with urban development information to demonstrate altered flood risk.
Cunha, L.K., W.F. Krajewski, and R. Mantilla. “A Framework for Flood Risk Assessment in Ungauged Basins,” Journal of Flood Risk Management, 4, 1, pp. 3–22, 2011.